Peutz was born in a Catholic family in Uithuizen in Groningen, a mostly Protestant province in the north Wikimedia Commons has media related to Frits Peutz. F.P.J. Peutz (7 April – 24 October ) was a Dutch (Limburgian) architect. Biography. Peutz was born in a Catholic family in Uithuizen in Groningen. About Change this. Frits J. Peutz (April 7th, – October 24th, ) was a Dutch architect. Peutz was born in Uithuizen in Groningen in the.
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Peutz 7 April — 24 October was a Dutch Limburgian architect. Peutz peuttz born in a Catholic family in Uithuizen in Groningena mostly Protestant province in the north of the Netherlands. In he was sent to the Rolduc boarding school in Kerkrade in the Catholic province of Feits for his higher education. In he graduated at the HBS, an old type of Dutch high school.
After that he studied civil engineering in Delft. In he changed to architecture. Inwhile still not graduated, he returned to Limburg to settles as an independent architect in the town of Heerlenwhere the booming coal mining industry provided him with many assignments.
Peutz played a major role in fdits Heerlen in a true, modern city. In he received his degree in architecture.
Around his first son, Victor Peutz was born, who became audiologist and acoustician. Peutz and his wife Isabelle Tissen had thirteen children together. One of whom followed in his father’s footsteps to get a degree in civil engineering and become an architect.
Peutz incorporated various historical styles in his work. He had a fris affinity with the modern movement such as Bauhaus in Germanywith his own distinct interpretation. There is a big contrast in style between his frkts work and his much more traditional churches.
Frits Peutz – Wikipedia
During his lifetime he had quite an international reputation. But because his work was done in and around Heerlen, a city that lost its status as an industrial centre in decades to come, he has been somewhat forgotten. But in recent years he is being rediscovered, exemplified by the proclamation of his Glaspaleis as one of the world’s most important buildings of the 20th petz, and also due to Wiel Arets ‘ — a contemporary Dutch architect also from Heerlen — many publications on Peutz produced in the past ten years.
Peutz was also responsible for the adjacent Pancratiuskerk for Monumentenzorg — ‘Monument Care’ and the juxtaposition between this old Romanesque church and the ultramodern department store is typical for his mixing of the old and the new. The retreat house and the Glaspaleis are good examples of a new phase in his building style that he developed after entering a competition to design the Palais des Nations in Genevathis new style accumulated in the Town hall of Heerlen.
Ffrits — The Glaspaleis is a modernist building in Heerlen, Netherlands, built in Formerly a fashion house and department store, Schunck, it is now the centre of the city. The original name was Modehuis Schunck, but it was soon nicknamed Glaspaleis, the architectural style is largely according to what is in the Netherlands known as het Nieuwe Bouwen, which corresponds roughly to Modernism, Bauhaus and International style.
Init won the first Bouwfonds Award in the category Vital Monuments, init won the Nederlandse Bouwprijs in the Projects category. Init won the Nationale Renovatieprijs in the Utiliteitsbouw category.
But the City council gave the go ahead, apart from a few minor points, the job was given to Maastrichtse Betonijzerbouw P. Knols, who had made the lowest bid atguilders. The fdits used to be at the Church Square, but when it moved to the new Market Square, the shop lost its strategic location, which was one reason for the move.
Vroom en Dreesman never made use of the house, which was located in between the old shop and the new Glaspaleis, leaving it to decay and it remained an eyesore until well after World War II. Schunck only managed to buy it infor the exorbitant price of 2.
The section to the West was given to the City and cleared, as a result, the Glaspaleis is now completely free-standing. The building to the East has been replaced by the music school annex, the result was a structure of stacked and covered hanging markets, protected against frigs elements by the freestanding glass encasing on three sides. The Glaspaleis is an example of early modern architecture, made of glass, steel. Each floor has about 30 mushroom-shaped pillars, ever narrower as one goes up the floors, there is no front as such – this is only defined by the fact that one side faces the market square.
Friits the moment the building is completely free-standing, almost surrounded by three squares, at seven floors and a height of It has been called a palace for the people, especially for the miners, the pillars are mushroom-shaped for two reasons.
The first is utilitarian, the floors were constructed beamless for better daylighting and, thus and this has the additional advantage of simplifying the placing and moving of cables and lighting fixtures.
And the mushroom shapes give an impression of frkts height, the second, constructional, advantage is that the steel bundle reinforcement in two directions makes the structure equally rigid in all directions. Netherlands — The Netherlands, also informally known as Holland is the main constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is a densely populated country located in Western Europe with three territories in the Caribbean.
The European part of the Netherlands borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing borders with Belgium, the United Kingdom. The three largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague, Amsterdam is the countrys capital, while The Hague holds the Dutch seat of parliament and government.
The port of Rotterdam is the firts largest port outside East-Asia, the name Holland is used informally to refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands. Netherlands literally means lower countries, influenced by its low land and flat geography, most of the areas below sea level are artificial. Since the late 16th century, large areas have been reclaimed from the sea and lakes, with a population density of people per km2 — if water is excluded — the Netherlands is classified as a very densely populated country.
Only Bangladesh, South Korea, and Taiwan have both frigs population and higher population density. Nevertheless, the Netherlands is the worlds second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products and this is partly due to the fertility of the soil and the mild climate. The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EUs criminal intelligence agency Europol and this has prutz to the city being dubbed the worlds legal capital.
The country also ranks second highest in the worlds Press Freedom Index, the Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 17th of countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom. It had the thirteenth-highest per capita income in the world in according to the International Monetary Fund, inthe United Nations World Happiness Report ranked the Netherlands as the seventh-happiest country in the world, reflecting its high quality of life.
The Netherlands also ranks joint second highest in the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, the region called Low Countries and the country of the Netherlands have the same toponymy. They are sometimes used in a relation to a higher ground that consecutively is indicated as Upper, Boven, Oben.
The geographical location of the region, however, changed over time tremendously. Architecture — Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other physical structures. Architectural works, in the form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols.
Historical civilizations are often identified pejtz their surviving architectural achievements, Architecture can mean, A general term to describe buildings and other physical structures. The art and science of designing buildings and nonbuilding structures, vrits style of design and method of construction of buildings and other physical structures.
File:Heerlen, Geleenstraat 7, Frits Peutz-02.jpg
A unifying or coherent form or structure Knowledge of art, science, technology, the design activity of the architect, from the macro-level to the micro-level. The practice of the architect, where architecture means offering or rendering services in connection with the design and construction of buildings.
The earliest surviving work on the subject of architecture ffits De architectura. According to Vitruvius, a building should satisfy the three principles of firmitas, utilitas, pfutz, commonly known by the original translation — firmness, commodity.
An equivalent in modern English would be, Durability — a building should stand up robustly, utility — it should be suitable for the purposes for which it is used. Beauty — it should be aesthetically pleasing, according to Vitruvius, the architect should strive to fulfill each of these three attributes as well as possible.
Leon Battista Alberti, who elaborates on the ideas of Vitruvius in his treatise, De Re Aedificatoria, saw beauty primarily as a matter of proportion, for Alberti, the rules of proportion were those that governed the idealised human figure, the Golden mean.
The most important aspect of putz was, therefore, an grits part of an object, rather than something applied superficially, Gothic architecture, Pugin believed, was the only true Christian form of architecture. The 19th-century English art critic, John Ruskin, in his Seven Lamps of Architecture, Fritts was the art which so disposes and adorns the edifices raised by men.
That the sight of them contributes to his health, power. For Ruskin, the aesthetic was of overriding significance and his work goes on to state that a building is not truly a work of architecture unless it is in some pehtz adorned. For Ruskin, a well-constructed, well-proportioned, functional building needed string courses or rustication, but suddenly you touch my heart, you do me good. I am happy and I say, This is beautiful, le Corbusiers contemporary Ludwig Mies van der Rohe said Architecture starts when you carefully put two bricks together.
The notable 19th-century architect of skyscrapers, Louis Sullivan, promoted an overriding precept to architectural design, function came to be seen as encompassing all criteria of the use, perception and enjoyment fritx a building, not only practical but also aesthetic, psychological and cultural.
Uithuizen — Uithuizen is a village in the Dutch province of Groningen. It is located in the municipality of Eemsmond, Uithuizen was a separate municipality untilwhen it became part of Hefshuizen.
Menkemaborg at Uithuizen is a 14th-century, brick-built country house, which was altered around The Alberda family, the 18th-century occupants, commissioned artists to decorate the interior with impressive chimney-pieces carved with baroque ornaments, the Menkemaborg and its gardens are open to the public. Seth Gaaikema, cabaret artist and writer Uithuizen hosted the finish of stage 4 at the Energiewacht Tour, J.
Kuyper, Gemeente Atlas van Nederland,Uithuizen. Map of the municipality, around Site of Windmill Peut liefde Menkemaborg. Groningen province — Groningen is the northeasternmost province of the Netherlands. It borders on Friesland to the west, Drenthe to the south, the German state of Niedersachsen to the east, init had a population ofand a total area of 2, km2. In the 14th century, the city of Groningen became a member of the Hanseatic League, the capital of the province and the seat of the provincial government is the city of Groningen.
The province is divided into 23 municipalities, the land is mainly used for agriculture. There are sea ports in Delfzijl and Eemshaven, the Groningen gas field was discovered in It became a part of the Frankish Empire around pehtz, charlemagne assigned the Christianization of this new possession to Ludger.
In the 11th century, the city of Groningen was a village in Drenthe that belonged to the Bishopric of Utrecht, during the Middle Ages, central control was remote, and the city of Groningen acted as a city-state, exerting a dominating influence on the surrounding Ommelanden. In the 14th century, Groningen became one of the towns within the Hanseatic League, ppeutz the years after, Groningen expanded its influence.
During World War II, the Netherlands were occupied by Nazi Germany, in Mayanother 3, German soldiers were captured in the Battle of Delfzijl by the 5th Canadian Division, after which all of the northern provinces were liberated.
East Groningen was peuyz scene of a particularly fierce class struggle in the 19th and 20th centuries, perhaps not coincidentally, Groningen boasts the only municipality where the Communist Party of the Netherlands has ever had a mayor.
It has an area of 2, km2, with 2, km2 of land and km2 of water. Kerkrade — Kerkrade is a town and a municipality in the southeast of Limburg, the southernmost province of the Netherlands. Kerkrade is the half of a divided city, frirs was part of the German town of Herzogenrath until the Congress of Vienna in drew the current Dutch-German border.
The two towns, including outlying suburban settlements, have a population approaching , of which nearly 47, in Kerkrade, the history of Kerkrade is closely linked with that of the adjacent town of Herzogenrath, just across the German border. Herzogenrath began as a settlement, called Rode, near the river Worm in the 11th century, in Augustinian monks founded an abbey, called Kloosterrade, to the west of this settlement.
It was called s-Hertogenrode or s-Hertogenrade after the duchy of Brabant took control over the region, as is the case for many parts of the Southern Netherlands, the place changed hands several times in the last few centuries.
It was under Spanish control fromAustrian between and and French between leutzinwhen the kingdom of the Netherlands was formed, the border was drawn through Herzogenrath, the western part being Kerkrade.
In the decades followingall the mines in Limburg were closed, one of the oldest buildings in the municipality is Erenstein, a castle the origins of which lie in the 14th century.
The border is unmarked, and is crossed even when going round a feits or overtaking a vehicle, the peuhz towns now share some of their public services, and promote themselves as a binational City of Eurode for economic development purposes. Kerkrades outlying neighborhoods and housing developments include, Every fourth year the World Music Contest, a competition for amateur, professional, also, for the last three years, the Drum Corps Europe championships have been held here.